July 20-24, 2016
Dan Perlman (past President)
Loneliness: A Relationship Scientist's 40 Year Odyssey 1976 to 2016
In the fall of 1976 I was going to write two pages, no more and no less, on social isolation. In part because we had social ties (Zick Rubin and Jackie Goodchilds) as well as common interests, I was eager to meet and discuss this with Anne Peplau. We arranged to have coffee. It was a coffee break that altered 40 years of my academic career. Interspersed with a few personal reminisces I will reflect on loneliness research from its inception to the present. I will trace the increase in the sheer number of publications on the topic. I will discuss what is loneliness; conceptual perspectives; key contributors; research methods including measurement issues, types of designs, and the populations studied; questions asked, application of knowledge, etc. I will reflect on what we have learned and why it is important. What I initially thought was akin to a common cold has proven to be a life challenging phenomenon.
Advancements in Dyadic Data Analysis using the APIM
The development of the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model has had a substantial impact on how relationship researchers conduct their research and analyze their data. In this talk I will highlight some of the many new advances and extensions that a host of researchers and methodologists have developed using the basic APIM framework. Examples include the APIM mediational model (APIMeM) that describes how both partners' standing on a mediating variable can be used to explain actor and partner effects, the extension of the APIM to categorical outcomes, the interpretation of patterns of actor and partner effects, and many more.
Perceived Partner Responsiveness as a Central Theme in Relationship Science: 12 Years Later
In a talk to this group in 2004, I proposed that perceived partner responsiveness might serve as a central organizing theme for relationship science. Since then, a great deal of research has been conducted, helping to flesh out this construct and affording some optimism that perceived partner responsiveness might yet serve as a fruitful organizing principle for integrating the seemingly disparate topics and themes that characterize the current literature. In this talk I will provide an update of current research conducted in our and other labs that speaks to the importance of perceived partner responsiveness in relationships and to the broader informativeness of this construct.
When Privacy Management Collides with Relationship Communication
Deciding when to post or not post something on social media about a partner, family member, friend, or spouse is tricky. If you post something that your partner thought was confidential and you defined as reasonable to disclose, the difference in privacy choices and expectations between you and your partner can create relational tensions. These tensions can erupt unintentionally. People do not always think about the potential for relational ramifications. They can also erupt intentionally. For example, when a friend discloses something and asks the recipient to keep it a secret, the recipient may intentionally ignore the request or believe that telling his wife still keeps the information confidential. As these examples suggest, managing one's own privacy and managing someone else's private information can be complicated and the outcome can have an undesirable impact on the maintenance of personal relationships. This presentation uses the Communication Privacy Management theory to examine how turbulence in privacy management turns into turbulence in our personal relationships.
William (Bill) Fisher
Lessons from the Sex Wars: Do Good Values Make Bad Science?
This talk contrasts two models of the conduct of sexual science: the sexual scientist as social engineer, driven by good values and seeking to achieve laudable social aims, and the sexual scientist as the curious explorer, striving for elusive objectivity and constrained by data observed. A brief review of research approaches to the study female sexual desire, HIV/AIDS prevention, and the impact of pornography on the couple suggests that the social engineering approach to sexual science, while driven by what are seen to be the best of values in the service of the most laudable of social aims, has severely biased research methodologies, contributed to selective and skewed interpretation of data, and distorted conclusions concerning these important areas of research.
Cheating hearts all around the world: Exploring how attachment styles, personality traits, relationship quality, and demographic statuses relate to sexual infidelity across 58 nations
Many factors influence men's and women's differential pursuit of short-term mating strategies. Evolutionary psychologists have hypothesized high stress environments (i.e., high pathogens, mortality, violence, fertility) may facultatively evoke dismissing attachment styles, anti-social personality traits, and higher levels of short-term mating, such as increased sexual infidelity. Evidence in support of this hypothesis is mixed, depending on which aspects of short-term mating are measured and whether associations are examined at individual or cross-cultural levels. Using data from 58 nations of the International Sexuality Description Project-2 (N = 35,000), findings are reviewed suggesting several facultative adaptations generate sexuality infidelity. For instance, dismissing attachment, Narcissism, and especially psychopathy are linked with greater infidelity, particularly being unfaithful with multiple partners. Poor relationship quality in one's long-term mateship is linked with more infidelity among women in Western nations, but more so among men in non-WEIRD nations. Several intersectional findings across gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status, urbanity, and religiosity are explored. Short-term mating-sexual infidelity in particular-appears to take varying psychological paths across different cross-cultural and multicultural forms.